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Modified 4-Jan-09
Created 4-Jan-09
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Boston ist die größte Stadt in Neuengland und Hauptstadt des Bundesstaates Massachusetts an der Ostküste der Vereinigten Staaten.

Boston ist eine der ältesten, wohlhabendsten und kulturell reichsten Städte der USA. Sie beheimatet in ihrem Großraum sowohl die weltberühmte Harvard University (Cambridge) als auch das ähnlich bedeutende MIT. Im kulturellen Bereich sind die Symphony Hall (eines der drei akustisch besten Konzerthäuser weltweit) und das in ihr (neben dem Boston Pops Orchestra) residierende Boston Symphony Orchestra weltbekannt.

Die Wirtschaftskraft der Region wird hauptsächlich durch Bildungseinrichtungen, Gesundheitswesen, Finanzwirtschaft und Technologie bestimmt.

Der Boston Freedom Trail (engl. Freiheitspfad) ist eine etwa 4 km lange Besichtigungs-Route durch die Stadt, die sechzehn historische Sehenswürdigkeiten verbindet. Der Weg ist mit einer durchgezogenen roten Linie auf dem Boden markiert und führt vom Boston Common im Stadtzentrum durch die Innenstadt, über den Charles River im Norden nach Charlestown und endet dort am Bunker Hill Monument.

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Boston is the capital and largest city of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, and is one of the oldest cities in the United States. The largest city in New England, Boston is considered the economic and cultural center of the region, and is sometimes regarded as the unofficial "Capital of New England." Boston city proper had a 2007 estimated population of 608,352, making it the twenty-first largest in the country. Boston is also the anchor of a substantially larger metropolitan area called Greater Boston, home to 4.4 million people and the tenth-largest metropolitan area in the country. Greater Boston as a commuting region includes parts of Rhode Island, New Hampshire and Maine; it includes 7.4 million people, making it the fifth-largest Combined Statistical Area in the country.

In 1630, Puritan colonists from England founded the city on the Shawmut Peninsula. During the late eighteenth century Boston was the location of several major events during the American Revolution, including the Boston Massacre and the Boston Tea Party. Several early battles of the American Revolution, such as the Battle of Bunker Hill and the Siege of Boston, occurred within the city and surrounding areas. Through land reclamation and municipal annexation, Boston has expanded beyond the peninsula. After American independence was attained Boston became a major shipping port and manufacturing center, and its rich history now attracts 16.3 million visitors annually. The city was the site of several firsts, including America's first public school, Boston Latin School (1635), and first college, Harvard College (1636), in neighboring Cambridge. Boston was also home to the first subway system in the United States.

Quelle/Source: Wikipedia

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